one photo tour of London – Cutler’s Hall

cutlers hall london, celebrate the city, 3 days in london, what to see in london, history of london
On the outside of the wall facing Warwick Lane will be seen a finely carved terracotta frieze by the Sheffield sculptor Benjamin Creswick (1853-1946). The frieze shows cutlers working at their craft. Creswick was a pupil of John Ruskin and had worked as a grinder in Sheffield.

The Cutlers’ Company in London City, received its first Royal Charter from Henry V in 1416 and the hall has a fascinating history. This is the fifth and present Hall built in 1888.

A ‘House of the Cutlers’, mentioned in 1285 as being on or near the site of the present Mercers’ Hall, is the earliest recorded regular meeting place of the Cutlers. By the early part of the 15th century the Cutlers were settled in a building in what is now Cloak Lane (by Cannon St. Station). In 1660, the Hall was in need of extensive repairs and modernisation, by June 1666 the final bills had all been paid, but three months later it was completely destroyed in the Great Fire of London. The Company quickly set about rebuilding and the new Hall was occupied for over 200 years until 1882 when the Metropolitan and District Railway Company acquired most of the site by compulsory purchase. The fifth and present Hall was built on the current site; Warwick Lane, which had been the site of the Royal College of Physicians from 1674 to 1825 and subsequently a foundry. The new Hall was designed by Mr. T. Tayler Smith, the Company’s Surveyor, and came into use on March 7th 1888.

During World War II the Hall was fortunate to survive the great fire bomb raid on December 29th 1940. Unfortunately, on May 10th 1941 a high explosive bomb demolished the adjoining building and took away the entire north wall of the Hall. By 1951 all the damage had been repaired and the Hall came back into full use.

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